Dialogue on the Two Natures in Christ
The doctrine of the person of Christ—fully God and fully man—sits at the center of Christian theology, and also at the center of the long rift between the Reformed and Lutheran branches of the Protestant Reformation. Triggered by growing disputes over Christ’s presence in the Eucharist, leading Protestant theologians sought to parse more carefully the relationship between Christ’s two natures, generating rich discussions of this crucial doctrine that remain lasting landmarks of Christian theology. Among these, Vermigli’s magisterial 1561 Dialogue on the Two Natures of Christ stands out for its clarity, precision, and thoroughness.
Philosophical Works: On the Relation of Philosophy to Theology
Throughout the history of Christianity, the relationship of philosophy and theology has been fraught with conflict and tension, but it is a conflict that no faithful Christian can ignore. The Protestant Reformation was no exception to this history of faith seeking understanding, and this dual pursuit of philosophy and theology was particularly exemplified by the great Italian Reformer Peter Martyr Vermigli. A leading representative both of Renaissance humanism, with its return to the classical sources, and of an emergent Protestant scholasticism, with its careful use of philosophical tools to clarify Christian doctrine and ethics, Vermigli constantly attended to the relationship of philosophy and theology throughout his teaching and writing.
The Oxford Treatise and Disputation On the Eucharist
One of the most significant Reformation-era texts on the Eucharist, The Oxford Treatise and Disputation on the Eucharist displays Peter Martyr Vermigli at the height of his powers. Recently arrived in England to teach at Oxford during the reforming reign of Edward VI, Vermigli used a university controversy over his eucharistic theology as an opportunity to take the offensive against transubstantiation, the strongest bulwark of Catholic traditionalism in Edwardian England. His Treatise offered a crisp and compelling statement of the Reformed doctrine of the Eucharist and objections to transubstantiation, while the Disputation locks horns with a series of Catholic disputants on the biblical, philosophical, and historical issues at stake. This volume is essential reading for any who wish to understand the contours of this crucial doctrinal controversy.
Predestination and Justification: Two Theological Loci
How does a gracious God save stubborn sinners? Answering this question requires delving into two of the most challenging and hard-fought doctrines in Christian theology: predestination and justification. Few men in the sixteenth century were so well-equipped to address these difficult subjects as Italian Reformed theologian Peter Martyr Vermigli. His treatments of these great doctrines, developed as part of a series of lectures on the Book of Romans as Regius Professor of Theology at Oxford from 1550 to 1552, became classic statements of early Reformed theology, exerting great influence on the development of the Reformed tradition in England and throughout Europe.